Category Archives: Dog Breed

Pomsky: a complete guide on the husky Pomeranian mix

In the modern dog breeding world of designer dogs the pomsky stands out as one of the cutest examples of designer dogs. Pomsky is the product of the conscious cross breeding of the Siberian husky with the Pomeranian in what is known as a designer dog.

Like all designer dogs, pomskies are bred from known purebreds which is the Siberian husky and the Pomeranian compared with mutt that is also a cross breed but of unknown parent breeds (they may not even be purebreds).

Because designer dogs like Pomeranian husky mix are of known parent breeds they are still easily to handle since they can only bear traits of the parent breed in any combination. They are however not anywhere close to purebred.

Purebreds such as the Siberian husky and Pomeranian are highly desirable because they have been bred over a very long time during which specific traits and characteristics have been infused into them.

This mean that when someone purchases a purebred he/she can easily access a documentation of traits and characteristics of the purebred, what to expect of the breed, how to handle the breed and much more.

In fact one can end up owing a purebred by just listing the traits that is desired and then searching for a breed that either matches these traits or come very close to it.

This however is impossible with designer dogs because each pup within a litter can have traits that are completely different from any other pup in the litter since their traits are determined by a combination of the traits of the parent breeds. Some will have traits that tend more towards a particular parent breed while some may have fairly balanced traits from both parent breeds.

So a particular Pomeranian husky mix which a cross of the Pomeranian and the Siberian husky will bear traits that is one of 3 possibilities: more husky, or more Pomeranian or simply fairly balanced traits of both the husky and the Pomeranian.

Pomsky is a portmanteau word formed from the merging of the first 3 letter from the Pomeranian and the last 3 letter of the husky. It is also sometimes referred to as the Pomeranian husky mix or the husky Pomeranian mix.

Now that you know that a pomsky is a mix of the Pomeranian breed and the Siberian husky and that the temperament, traits, physical looks etc. will not only vary from one pomsky to the other but they are determined by the parent breed.

It therefore goes that Pomeranian husky mix would only be ideal for those who are admirers of both the Pomeranian and the husky.  In order to also bring up the Pomeranian husky mix a good understanding of both breed is essential.

Pictures of parent breeds of the pomsky

Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is one of the parent breeds of the pomsky.
Siberian husky
The Siberian husky is the other parent breed of the pomsky.

Foundational facts about the pomsky

Designer dogs have generally been on the rise in the dog world and a lot more interest appears to be developing. But what really is responsible for the surge in interest in designer dogs?

The answer to this question is two-fold: the breeder’s side and the buyer’s side. On the breeder’s side the monetary gains is one of the major drive behind the increase in the breeding and aggressive marketing (sometime deliberately misleading) of designer dogs.  For the buyers, it’s usually the exotic looks and better health than the pure bred parent breeds.

On the issue of exotic looks, the husky Pomeranian mix sure looks cute and the better health associated with designer dogs is supported by the hybrid vigor (when the traits of a hybrid offspring is enhanced due to the genetic contributions of its parent breeds) concept.

In order to have a good understanding of the better health issues associated with designer dogs one must also have a general understanding of the breeding method employed in order to produce purebreds.

Genetics of cross breeding the husky Pomeranian mix

As already stated purebreds are breeds that have been bred over many decades to the point that well known traits, characteristics, temperaments, look etc has been fused into them. This mean that purebreds like the Siberian husky and the Pomeranian will always have a consistent look, traits, characteristics and temperament.

In the same vein purebreds will only be capable of the functions or purposes for which they were bred for such as the German shepherd’s shepherding skills or the golden retriever ability to retriever games undamaged.

The breeding approach (selective breeding) employed in the breeding of purebreds that is responsible for producing breeds that meet the intended look and feel have also resulted in a number of health problems affecting both the body and behavior of these breeds.

Because the health issues that plague different breeds usually have their root in the genes, selective breeding ensures that these problems stay in the bloodline of purebreds since they are bred to maintain a closed genetic lineage.

Health problems in dogs are either the result of recessive genes or dominant genes. Genes naturally occur in pairs with one of the pairs donated by each of the parent breed.

In order for a pup to suffer from health problems caused by recessive genes, the pup must receive a pair each from both parents of the same breed but if the recessive genes are from different parent breed then the pup cannot suffer from that particular health problem since the health issue in the recessive genes are not likely to match.

The means that health issues caused by recessive genes are largely wiped out in designer dogs like the Pomeranian husky mix. This means that designer dogs would be healthier than both of their parent breeds that may be plagued from any form of health problem that is rooted in recessive genes.

However health problems can also be caused by dominant genes and a pup needs just a pair of a dominant gene (not both pairs) in order to be plagued by the same health issues. This therefore implies that designer dogs, like pomskies are not immune from health problems that are caused by dominant genes.

In spite of all that has been said, if the pup is bred from parent breeds that have not thoroughly tested for genetic disease, fed on minimal nutrition and generally not well catered for but used as breeding instruments, the probability that the pup will be as healthy as could have been will drop significantly.

The pomsky breed

Now that we have a general understanding of cross breeds of which pomskies are, it’s time to delve deep into the husky Pomeranian mix breed. Because pomsky is not a purebred it is therefore not recognized by the major kennel club however they are recognized by some other breed club such as the dog registry of America and thekennelclub.org.uk.

Pomsky came on the scene in recent years but grew in popularity in even more recent years. Ideally a husky Pomeranian mix is bred from a female Siberian husky and a male Pomeranian primarily because the Pomeranian is smaller in size to the husky and a female Pomeranian may have problems carrying a pregnancy that may be bigger than her size and even greater problems during delivery.

The female husky should be between 35-50 pounds and the Pomeranian sire between 3-10 pounds.

When a 50-50 female pomsky (half husky and half Pomeranian) instead of purebred husky (100% husky) is bred with purebred Pomeranian (100%), the resulting pomsky would be 25/75 i.e. 25% husky and 75% Pomeranian.

This cuts down the husky influence in half resulting in a pomsky that is smaller than the typical husky Pomeranian mix that is bred from both purebred parents. This will be ideal for those who want their pomsky to be smaller in size than the average size of pomskies bred from pure bred parents.

The reverse is also true if a bigger sized pomsky compared to the average size is desired. A purebred female husky bred with a 50-50 pomsky will do the job.

There is no guarantee of how big a husky Pomeranian mix may be however a typical pomsky (50-50) bred from purebred parents will weigh between 15-30 pounds while a 25% husky and 75% Pomeranian pomsky will weigh between 10-15 pounds.

Most husky Pomeranian mix breeders employ artificial insemination in the breeding of the pomsky which is considered to be more effective and safer than natural breeding that would involve a tie between the Pomeranian and the husky.

Shih Tzu Temperament: Find Out Shih Tzu’s Natural Disposition

Before taking a close look at the Shih Tzu temperament it only make sense to have a general understanding of the Shih Tzu breed.  The Shih Tzu is a very small size dog that was bred in Tibet as a lap dog and for royal companionship in ancient china. However the Shih Tzu can now be seen participating in agility competition and dog sports.

The Shih Tzu is a purebred that is recognized by kennel clubs such as the American kennel club (AKC). It weighs between 4-7.5 grams and 8-11 inches tall for both the male and female; life span of 10-16 years. The Shih Tzu has a long flowing double coat consisting of a long silky top coat and a feathery under coat that will simply not stop growing. The Shih Tzu coat grows very quickly flowing all the way to the floor and if not brushed regularly it will easily tangle. A show dog Shih Tzu must keep the flowing long coat and may only be trimmed for neatness otherwise the coat may be cut short which is popularly referred to as a puppy cut.

According to the AKC, the Shih Tzu comes in a wide variety of coat colors and markings. Coat colors include black, blue, brindle, gold, liver, red, silver and white. Markings include black, white and tan markings.

The Shih Tzu is an ideal breed for apartment living and perfect for the first time dog owner. It does not fall into the category of the low sensitive breeds which means that the Shih Tzu may sometimes react to it environment in similar circumstances where a thick skinned, low sensitive breed may over look or tolerate. The Shih Tzu also does not do very well when left to himself and may quickly show signs of separation such as excessive chewing, barking etc.

The Shih Tzu is not an easy breed to groom and may require the skills of a professional groomer. It also has the tendency to gain weight if its appetite is given free reins. While it is not uncommon for dogs to eat feces (both theirs and of other dogs), the Shih Tzu appears to be prone to this behavior and therefore should be watched to ensure that this tendency does not develop into a habit.

The Shih Tzu is also not among the easiest dog breed to train and are particularly difficult to house break. The Shih Tzu will require a consistent and dedicated attention in order to produce the well trained dog. It is however an intelligent breed with a high tendency to chew/bite on things and a high prey-drive which makes it difficult for the really smaller animals to stay within the reach of the Shih Tzu. When it comes to barking, the Shih Tzu tends to vocalize above the average which makes the breed an excellent watch dog.

Dog temperament

A good understanding of the temperament of dogs holds a lot of benefits for dog owners and breeders alike. It provides an insight into the dog’s behavior, its strength and weaknesses. A sound understanding of the temperament of dogs such as the Shih Tzu will help dog owners in making the right decision regarding the suitability of the breed for the intended owner.

Understanding of a dog’s temperament will help to answer questions such as: will the dog’s temperament be suitable for a family with young children? How about an older person? Will the dog’s temperament make it easier for the owner to train or will it require a more experience handler? Will the dog’s temperament make it possible to serve the owner’s intended purpose and provide its owner some measure of joy and comfort or will it become a burden? Such questions and much more can be resolved by a sound understanding of a dog’s temperament.

The most prominent aspects of a dog’s temperament include: friendliness, aggressiveness, shyness, instinct for self preservation when faced with danger, protectiveness of its territory and toward its owner.

But what exactly is temperament? There are various definitions of temperament viewed from different angles, some of which include:

“The sum total of all inborn and acquired physical and mental traits and talents which determines, forms and regulates behavior in the environment”

“The general attitude a dog has towards other animals and people.”

“Temperament is inherited but can be modified or enhanced by the environment.”

 “The dog’s suitability for a specific task or function; there is no good or bad temperaments, only suitable and unsuitable ones.”

“The physical and mental characteristics of an individual dog, made evident through its reaction to stimuli in its environment.”

From the above definitions it can be said that a dog’s temperament is:

  • Primarily a function of the dog’s genetic makeup.
  • That the temperament is inherited and therefore fixed at the moment of conception and cannot be altered, eliminated or transformed to another type during the lifetime of the dog.
  • Socialization, environment and training can help to modify the expression of a dog’s temperament but they cannot change nor eliminate it. A dog cannot be separated from the temperament with which it was born and will die with it.

Temperament can be broadly classified in to 2 groups: sound and unsound temperament. Therefore a dog can either have a sound or unsound temperament.

Sound temperament: a dog with this type of temperament is self assertive and confident. He is so sure of himself and investigates what he is unsure of. He is self assertive and handles his environment without fear. His general approach to his environment is investigative, assertive and curious. If he is startled by his environment, he recovers quickly from the fright. Perhaps the most challenging traits of a dog of sound temperament are dominance and independence.

These wonderful traits of a dog with a sound temperament makes him an excellent pet and a great worker when under the management of a firm and secure pack leader; however if left unchecked, these traits can easily lead to serious management problems. It therefore becomes evident that a dog of sound temperament will thrive better in the hands of a secure and assertive pack leader.

Unsound temperament: a dog of unsound temperament does not exhibit any of the traits of a dog with sound temperament such as calmness, self assertive, dominance, independence, confidence and non-fearful behavior. A dog of unsound temperament will exhibit the following traits: submissiveness, shyness, over aggressiveness, hyperactive and temperamental.

Every individual dog will either be of a sound or unsound temperament or a mix of both temperaments. This mean that every individual dog will fall into one of the 3 groups based on the 2 broad classifications of the temperaments of dogs.

In the first group are the dogs of sound temperament which are generally referred to as the Alpha dogs or front line dogs. These dogs naturally want to provide leadership for the pack which including their handlers. These dogs exhibits independence of mind, dominance, over protectiveness, pushy, extremely smart and will refuse to be led by anyone that is perceived to be weaker minded than they are.

In extreme situations they may exhibit aggression towards other dogs and humans because in their own perception as the self anointed pack leader, the survival of the pack depends on them. Without strong leadership these dogs are too willing to step in and provide leadership both for other dogs and humans. To provide leadership for these dogs, you must earn their trust and respect. The size of the dog has nothing to do with the temperament of the dog, from the small sized Chihuahua and the Shih Tzu to the large sized Rottweiler and German shepherd the same attitude of the sound temperament are exhibited. The toy sized Shih Tzu of sound temperament will rule the extra large dog and their human counterpart because the power is in the mind and not in the size of the body.

In the next group are the dogs with a mix of both the sound and unsound temperament. These dogs exhibit the traits of both the sound and unsound temperaments. For instance they do not have a natural tendency to lead but in the hands of a weak human handler, they will easily step in and take leadership of the pack. These dogs are referred to as ‘middle of the line dogs’ and are the easiest to train.

Without firm leadership they can easily become stressed, anxious, over excited or bored resulting in hyperactive and temperamental behaviors or even outright aggressive and destructive behaviors.

In the last group are the dogs of unsound temperament which can be referred to as ‘back of the line dogs’. These dogs exhibit all the traits of the unsound temperament such as nervousness, timidity, shyness and fearfulness. These cautious and sensitive dogs can easily be stressed out if they do not get assurance that a secure and assertive pack leader is in charge. They will not step in to take leadership because they do not feel that they have what it takes to lead the pack.

Easily seen traits of this group include alarm barking, fear aggression, shyness and submissive urinating.

Shih Tzu temperament

The Shih Tzu was primarily bred for companionship and as a house pet. This means that the Shih Tzu temperament must enable him to adequately fill this role; by this the temperament of Shih Tzu must be friendly, affectionate, lively, gentle, happy, playful, active, outgoing, trusting towards adult, kids and even strangers. However this lovely toy breed also referred to as the lion dog packs additional traits that makes the Shih Tzu temperament a delight and a source of joy to its owner.

The Shih Tzu is clever, loyal, devoted, intelligent, courageous (or even out rightly spunky) and its alertness makes this breed a good watch dog even though it was not bred for this purpose.  Also locked within the Shih Tzu temperament is its love for personal attention and unsurprisingly its demand for it if he is given the free reins.

The temperament of the Shih Tzu shares a similarity with the Siberian husky: their friendliness toward everybody including strangers and intruders.

Bully Pitbull: The American Bully Revealed

The term bully pitbull is used to refer to the American bully and also a cross breed of the American bull dog and the American pitbull terrier by some hybrid clubs. But the question really is: what exactly is a bully? The term bully and/or bully breed are used to categorize a group of breeds that are descendants of the old English bull dog. And there is a long list of dog breeds that fall into this category.

In the same vein the pitbull is not a specific dog breed but a name that is use to refer to several breeds that are the outcome of cross breeding different types of bulldogs with different types of terriers. So dog breeds that are classified as pitbulls are also bully breeds but bully breeds are not necessarily pitbulls.

The bully pitbull which essentially refers to the American bully has been at the center of controversy since the early 1990s when this new breed surfaced in the dog world. The controversy around this breed is linked to its association with the American pitbull terrier (APBT) which has also resulted in the American bully being registered in some breed specific registries as an American pitbull terrier.

This has not only angered the fanciers of the American pitbull terrier but has also created confusion among the general public who now think that the American pitbull terrier and the American bully are the same breed when in actual fact they are not.

Pictures of American bully pitbull puppies

 

American bully pitbull puppy with tough look

American bully puppies

The perspective of the American pitbull terrier advocates

Since the advent of the American bully, the term bully appears not to refer to a group of breeds but to a breed that looks like the American pitbull terrier. This breed is the American bully which is a poorly conformed pitbull in looks and appearance that is too wide, too big and just plain grossly exaggerated. Some breeders are even rumoured to be secretly crossing in larger bully breeds in order to enhance the size of the breed.

These poorly bred, badly conformed bully pitbulls from unproven parents do not in any way represent the true form of the American pitbull terrier. Bullies are not necessarily pitbulls and these bully pitbulls are bred without regard to the preservation of the breed standards of the pitbull. The different breeders of this breed are all driven by their own individual definition of what they think the bully pitbull should be, which essentially is: the more exaggerated or the bigger the better.

The bully pitbull has only been around for a very short while (in the 1990s) but already it considered as a breed (purebred that is) on its own. It has taken many decades to develop the well known pure breeds that the dog world now cherish but American bully breeders think they can achieve the same result in less than 3 decades.

The promoters of the American bully have refused to make a distinction between the American bully and the American pitbull terrier. One of the foremost breed specific registries of the American bully registers all dogs that are currently registered as American pitbull terrier and American Staffordshire terrier as American bully. Does a change in name make a new breed?

By their own admission the American bully is an extension of the American pitbull terrier that was specifically bred to be a companion dog. In reality the American bully is a poorly bred American pitbull terrier that does not comply with the accepted breed standards and in some cases purebred American pitbull terrier were not used in the breeding process. Indeed some of the dogs bred by these breeders do not look anything close to American pitbull terrier.

The bully pitbull, officially called the American bully is the unofficial version of the American pitbull terrier that some people have attempted to turn into a new breed. The lines between the American bully pitbull and the American pitbull terrier have been made so thin and neither is there a concerted effort to turn the American bully into a new breed.

Breed registries are established for the purpose of promoting and preserving already established or emerging breeds, with well spelt out breed standards (breed blueprint) that all ethical breeders must adhere to. Dogs that do not meet the breed standard both in looks and temperament should be spayed or neutered to remove them from the gene pool. In the case of the American pitbull terrier, it is a medium sized dog that should neither be too big or too skinny.

When breeders of the pitbull start ignoring breed standards and start exaggerating features in order to appeal to a customer base and for pecuniary gains, this is nothing short of destroying a breed that has taken many decades of hard work to establish. Sooner than later the breed will be lost as it will evolve in to something entirely different from what it was initially bred for: a pseudo pitbull. Some American pitbull terrier breeders are worried that some American bully breeders have crossed the American bully with APBT and passed it off as purebred American pitbull terrier.

The question a fancier of the bully pitbull will probably ask would be: maybe some people like the dog and what is wrong about breeding it for the satisfaction of those people? For a breed like the pitbull with a lot of issues surrounding the breed and with a significant number in the shelters, the least that the future of the breed deserves is a distortion that can significantly put the breed at the risk of extermination.

For now the direction of the breed specific registries that are promoting the American bully as a new breed remain unclear. Do they wish to seek wider acceptance for an emerging breed by closing the gene pool? Or do they wish to maintain the middle ground between American pitbull terrier and the distorted version of it that has been largely rejected by APBT community?

The perspective of the American bully advocates

american bully pitbull with much longer legs

American bully with really short legs

cute american bully pitbull puppy

a typical adult bully pitbull

According to united kennel club, a respected all breed registry that opened its doors to the American bully in July 15 2013:

The American Bully breed developed as a natural extension of the American Pit Bull Terrier. The APBT has maintained a characteristic appearance and temperament for over 100 years. As with any long-standing breed, several types evolved from the parent breed, with one in particular taking on a specific build and structure that is so unique it was wise to recognize it as a different breed altogether. That being the American Bully breed.

The American Bully breed was subtly influenced by the infusion of several other breeds, which include the American Bulldog, English bulldog, and Olde English Bulldogge.”

It went further to state that:

The goals and purposes of this breed standard include: to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it; to advance this breed to a state of similarity throughout the world; and to act as a guide for judges.

Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.

Any departure from the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Quality is never to be sacrificed in favor of size and mass. UKC is unwilling to condone the validity of using exaggerated specimens of this breed in a breeding program and, to preserve its health and vibrancy, cautions judges about awarding wins to these representatives.”

The American bully evolved through careful and selective breeding that involved lots of breeders perhaps hundreds of them (many of them were working alone) working towards breeding an enhanced version of the American pitbull terrier that would be the ultimate family dog. The fact that the American bully was not the creation of an individual or one breeding program must have contributed to the lack of concerted effort toward establishing the bully pitbull as a unique breed distinct from the APBT.

Also it is unclear if the American bully was meant to be a new breed or just simply to alter the temperament of the APBT. However all American bully pitbull breeders agree that the American bully was bred to be the ultimate family dog and according to the American bully kennel club (ABKC) dog aggression and gameness was bred out of the breed because the breed has no future and purpose for those trait. The American bully however retains the working ability of the pitbull such as therapy, property protection, agility, law enforcement and dog sport. Ancestral traits such as loyalty, willingness to please, stability with humans and other attributes were also kept intact.

Lots of American bully breeders use the American pitbull terriers and the American Staffordshire terriers in breeding the American bully pitbull. However it is an open secret that other breeders crossed in other breeds both within and outside the bully breed. Breeds like the English bulldog is believed to have been heavily used as it could provide the calmer, less aggressive temperament that American bully breeders sought in the bully pitbull but also the massive head, bulky body and the tough look. American bulldog, bull terrier, bullmastiff and the Rottweiler are some of the other breeds that are believed to have been crossed in by some of the American bully breeders.

German shepherd husky mix information, pictures and videos

German shepherd husky mix is not a purebred dog which is a fact about all cross breeds or designer dogs. The German shepherd husky mix is a cross of the German shepherd and the Siberian husky and it is generally referred to by the portmanteau name: Gerberian Shepsky which is a simple merging of German/Siberian and Shepherd/husky.

The German shepherd husky mix is a good example of the modern day cross breeding practice that involves the use of two or more purebreds to produce a cross breed that is fancifully referred to as designer dog.

In order to be able to effectively handle any designer dog it is essential that one have some basic understanding of the outcome of cross breeding and the difference between purebreds and designer dogs.

The German shepherd and the Siberian husky are purebred dogs and by definition a purebred is a breed that has been bred over a sufficient length of time during which all of the traits and characteristic (both physical and non physical) of the breed has been fused in.

This means that just by merely looking at a dog you can tell what breed that it belongs to, for example the coat color and coat patterns of the German shepherd and the looks simply identifies the dog as a German shepherd.

While the blue eyes, the looks, coat color and curly tail of the Siberian husky are the very obvious physical appearance of the breed.

So if you see a dog that falls short of the physical traits and characteristics of a particular breed then that dog is either not of the breed it appears to look like or it is not a purebred.

The overwhelming importance of purebred is that you already know exactly how that breed looks like but more importantly its behavior, it strength and weaknesses. Therefore when you need a dog to serve a particular purpose such as pet, herding, sporting, hunting, companion etc you know the range of breeds to research into.

This is the primary reason why purebreds are very important, celebrated and protected by the kennel clubs around the world to ensure that they are not compromised by poor breeding.

Designer dogs on the other hand are not purebreds but are similar to mutts. The fundamental difference between the two is that designer dogs are cross breeds that involve two or more known purebreds while mutts are a product of unknown parent breeds.

This means that it is far easier to get the best out of designer dogs as opposed to mutts because every product of cross breeding is a combination of the parent breed i.e. you only need to apply the knowledge required for handling any of the parent breed in the cross to the offspring in the area where that parent breed is dominant.

However in the case of the mutt, you are flying blind since mutts are of unknown pedigree.

What all of this clearly mean is that before acquiring a designer dog like the German shepherd husky mix you must have a good understanding of the parent breeds involve in the cross breeding and you should only go ahead to acquire the cross breed if you are comfortable with everything about the parent breeds.

This is because with a designer dog you will end up with any combination of the characteristics and/or traits of the parent breeds. So if you are not 100% comfortable with everything about the German shepherd and the Siberian husky then you should avoid acquiring a Gerberian Shepsky.

In order to effectively handle a Gerberian Shepsky the owner must have a decent knowledge of both parent breed and because it is not a purebred it is almost impossible to predict accurately how the offspring will turn out to be. The only certainty is that a Gerberian Shepsky will have traits of the German shepherd and the Siberian husky.

As a result of this fact, even the pups from the same litter can differ greatly in looks, characteristics, traits, behavior and temperament. So you cannot even use the outcome of a pup from a litter to predict how another pup from the same litter will turn out to be.

Pictures of German shepherd husky mix pups and adult

german shepherd husky mix puppy with the blue eyes of the husky

black german shepherd husky mix

four german shepherd husky mix puppies

cute gerberian shepsky

german shepherd husky mix with the german shepherd eyes

black and white german shepherd husky mix with the blue eyes of the siberian husky

german shepherd husky mix puppy with outstanding blue eyes of the husky

Why cross these breeds?

One of the fundamental questions that ought to be asked about designer dogs is: why the cross breeding of purebreds? In the case of mutts, it is understandable that mutts are usually not the conscious effort of breeders but the outcome of different dog breeds getting themselves involved in random mating in street corners and open places or wherever the urge catches them.

But why are breeders cross breeding and why is there an increasing interest in designer dogs around the world?

There are a number of reasons for the increasing interest in designer dogs both on the side of the breeders and dog owners. On the side of the breeders, the pecuniary gains are ever present but on the side of dog owners two things stand out: better health and exotic looks.

Designer dogs have been found to be much healthier than their parent breeds and this fact is supported by genetic which we will get into shortly. Also designer dogs like the German shepherd husky mix are some of the most beautiful dogs you can find anywhere in the world.

The underlying genetics of cross breeding

The involvement of man in dog breeding and the drive to produce the hundreds of purebreds has produced one significant downside: a large number of health problems that has serious impact on both the body and behavior of these purebreds.

The breeding method (selective breeding) that is at the heart of producing purebreds also means that some unwanted traits and genes will be passed down the bloodline. This also means that even rare and unwanted genes like those that cause health problems will not only stay in the bloodline but their frequency will increase resulting in more dogs within the breed suffering from those health problems.

Health problems in dogs could be caused by recessive genes or dominant genes and because genes occur in pairs a pup can only suffer from a health problem caused by recessive genes if it inherits a recessive gene from both parents to form a pair.

On the other hand, pups only need to inherit a single dominant gene from either parent in order to suffer from a genetic health problem.

Black German Shepherd: Essential facts, pictures and videos

The black German shepherd is one of the many different coat colors and patterns that are associated with the German shepherd breed. The black German shepherd is not a separate dog breed from the German shepherd breed like the white German shepherd which is recognized as a separate dog breed by some kennel clubs.

The black coat of the German shepherd is the result of genes passed down to the pup by the parents but before we delve into the genetics of the black German shepherd we need to have a brief understanding of the German shepherd coat colors and coat patterns.

The German shepherd breed comes in wide varieties of coat colors such as: black & tan, black & silver, black & cream, black & red, blue, blue & silver, blue & cream, blue & tan, blue & red, liver, liver & cream, liver & tan, liver & red, white, sable, solid black, solid white, solid liver, solid blue etc.

The German shepherd breed also come in different coat patterns (or markings), which can be seen in how the coat color of the German shepherd dog is distributed on its body and face. Coat patterns include:

  • The saddle back pattern: this is considered the classic look for the German shepherd in which the German shepherd appears to be wearing a black saddle on its back.
  • Blanket back pattern: this is the same as the saddle back but it covers a much larger part of the dog’s body stretching down to the dog’s sides like a blanket.
  • Bi-color pattern: in this coat pattern the dog has two coat colors; one of the colors is like an extended blanket back pattern that covers the entire body of the dog except for its lower extremities (the legs or lower parts of the legs in some case and perhaps the face) where the second color can be seen.
  • Solid pattern: here the dog is just one color like the all white or all black German shepherd dog.
  • Sable pattern: the dogs will have bindings of color on each of their individual hair. The hairs on the sable are tipped meaning that ends of the hairs will be black and the rest of the hair will be any color. This will result in wide range of colors in the sable pattern.
saddleback pattern german shepherd
A saddle back pattern German shepherd.
blanketback pattern german shepherd
A blanket back pattern German shepherd.
bi-color pattern german shepherd
A bi-color pattern German shepherd.
solid black pattern german shepherd
A solid black pattern German shepherd.
sable pattern german shepherd
A sable pattern German shepherd.

Genetics of the black German shepherd

In any complex life the genes is the fundamental material that determines the traits exhibited by that life. The traits exhibited by a pup are passed down in the genes of both parents including the solid black color of the black German shepherd.

Genes exist as a pair and each parent will contribute one of its pair to the pup to form its own pair of genes which will determines the traits of the pup in that area of the pup’s life (genotype). Not only do genes exist as a pair but dominant genes will always manifest in the pup when present (i.e. as long as one of the pair is a dominant gene) while recessive genes will only manifest if both genes that form the pair are recessive.

The black color is the default color for dogs which is also influenced by the genes. The genes that are responsible for the coat color in the GSD are the color gene and the pattern genes. The pattern genes are responsible for coat patterns in the GSDs.

Genes are responsible for the black pigment formation in the GSD but in some GSDs the black pigment formation is not allowed free expression as it is either blocked or diluted such as in the liver German shepherd and the blue German shepherd. These are usually caused by the color genes which are also recessive genes but in the case of the black German shepherd the solid black color is not due to the recessive color genes but the recessive pattern genes.

Therefore the solid black pattern gene does not affect the formation of the black pigment as it happens in the blue and liver GSDs. So the solid black pattern gene merely causes the black German shepherd to wear a solid black pattern.

Pictures of black German shepherds

5 black german shepherd puppies

cute black german shepherd puppy

young long haired solid black gsd

solid black german shepherd with red eyes

black german shepherd used as a police dog

black gsd with a white patch on the chest

A black GSD with shining black coat.

Fact 1: only the double recessive solid black genes can produce solid black

Since the solid black gene is a double recessive gene, a pup must inherit the pair of the solid black recessive genes from both parents (one from each parent) in order manifest the solid black coat. Two colored GSDs (non solid black) can produce some solid black GSDs pups in their litter if one of the gene pair of both parents is a recessive solid black gene (i.e. they are carriers) but if both parents are solid black GSDs then all the pups in their litter will be solid black German shepherds.

Therefore except the German shepherd breeder knows the pedigree of the male (sire) and female (dam) dogs used in breeding, he or she may be surprise that some of the pups are solid black even though neither of the parents is a solid black GSD. In this case both parents are carriers of the recessive black gents.

Fact 2: GSD pups are born black

Except in cases where the black pigment formation is acted upon in some ways e.g. blocked, diluted or masked (as in the case of the white German shepherd), GSD pups are born black and will stay black through adulthood and sometimes with white spot on the chest or toes.

The final color of a GSD pup can only be ascertained when the outer coat has fully developed.

Fact 3: the black color has NO effect either negative or positive

According to the SV (society for German shepherd dogs and in German called: Verein für deutsche Schäferhunde) dog club in Germany which was founded by Max von Stephanitz (the German shepherd breed creator):

“The color of the GSD is independent and unimportant and has no effect on the character of the dog or on it fitness or robustness for work and should therefore be a secondary consideration.”

Of all the qualities that should be sought in a GSD, the coat color should bring up the rear while other factors such as health, gait, temperament, pedigree or bloodlines etc are much more important and these should be the paramount factors to consider when it comes to making a decision on a particular GSD.

Only when these factors have been thoroughly checked should good pigment be sought after. There are no unique health, temperament or genetic problems associated with the black German shepherd based solely on its black color.

Fact 4: the truth about the black German shepherd temperament

This is what the American kennel club (AKC) has to say about the temperament of the German shepherd dog:

“The breed has a distinct personality marked by direct and fearless, but not hostile, expression, self-confidence and a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. The dog must be approachable, quietly standing its ground and showing confidence and willingness to meet overtures without itself making them. It is poised, but when the occasion demands, eager and alert; both fit and willing to serve in its capacity as companion, watchdog, blind leader, herding dog, or guardian, whichever the circumstances may demand. The dog must not be timid, shrinking behind its master or handler; it should not be nervous, looking about or upward with anxious expression or showing nervous reactions, such as tucking of tail, to strange sounds or sights. Lack of confidence under any surroundings is not typical of good character. Any of the above deficiencies in character which indicate shyness must be penalized as very serious fault”

This above quote is what you should expect from an ideal German shepherd regardless of its coat color, however in the real world it is difficult to find that ideal German shepherd because among other things the popularity of the German shepherd breed has resulted in all sort of undesirable breeding practices that has produced German shepherd dogs of unimaginable temperaments.

Blue Nose Pitbull: Essential Facts, Pictures and Videos

Blue nose pitbulls has become one of the most popular coat and nose color variation of the breed. As dog breeders become smarter and skillful in marketing their dogs, they are realizing that they can easily increase their bottom line by marketing their dogs on the platform of certain “noble physical traits or attributes” and portraying these traits as unique, rare or outstanding.

Blue nose pitbull puppies
Blue nose pitbull puppies

Before we take a closer look at the blue nose pitbull, it is essential to have some basic understanding of the pitbull in order for us to easily put things in clearer perspective.

The pitbull does not refer to a single breed but rather it is a collection of different breeds. Pitbulls are usually associated with menacing looking dogs with large head, powerful jaws with muscular body. However quite a number of dog breeds fit into this description such as American bulldogs, bull terriers, Staffordshire bull terrier, Boston terrier, bullmastiffs and boxers.

However the ideal way to identify a true pitbull is to consider the lineage of the breed of which only the American Staffordshire terrier (AmStaff) and the American pitbull terrier (APBT) qualifies as true pitbulls.

Blue nose pitbulls are either APBT or AmStaff with blue coat and/or blue nose. These are not a specific breed but the product of recessive genes. The recessive genes are responsible for the color pigmentation of the skin and nose.

In order to breed a blue nose pitbull both parent must at least be carriers of the recessive genes or must be blue nose themselves and the pup must inherit each of the recessive genes of both parents to form the pair of genes that produces the blue traits.

In order to be certain that the pups produced are blue nose pit bulls both parents must be blue nose themselves rather than mere carriers of the blue traits which only increases the chances that the pups may be blue nose but does not guarantee a 100% that they will be blue nose pit bulls.

This recessive trait results in pitbulls with color that range from silver blue to grey or deep charcoal; the absence of black pigment as a result of the recessive gene is the cause of the gray shades in the blue nose pitbull. This is the fundamental difference between the blue nose pitbulls and other pitbulls of different coat color.

Brief history of the blue nose pitbull

The pitbull is not a specific breed of dog but a name for a type of dog that share common physical and behavioral traits. The classes of dog breeds that constitute the pitbull are American pitbull terrier, American bulldog, Staffordshire bull terrier, American Staffordshire terrier and any other purebred or breed crossed with any of these breeds.

Over 1,000 years ago in England, bull dogs were bred and used in the blood sport of bull baiting, a British pastime that involves tying a bull to the stake and setting these specially bred and trained bull dogs to attack them with the primary objective of seizing and holding the bulls by the nose as this was the most tender part of the bull. The bull dog breed was selectively bred into a powerful muscular breed with tremendous jaw power and the ability to bite and hold on with unyielding tenacity that even when it was violently tossed in the air by the bull it will not let go except its teeth got broken.

In 1835 the blood sport was banned in England due to public outrage and bull dog owners and breeders moved into a new sport called “ratting” where they continued with their betting habit which involves putting a number of rats in a pit and bets were made on how many rats the bull dog could kill within a specified time frame.

In order to increase the number of rats that a bull dog could kill within the shortest time frame, the bull dog breeders sought to increase the bull dog’s prey drive, quickness and agility by crossing the breed with the terrier (these agile and energetic breeds were specifically bred to hunt rats, rabbits, foxes and even badgers and will even burrow into the earth in search of these prey). The crossing of the bull baiting bull dog breed with the terrier was the birth of the now famous (or infamous) modern day pitbull terrier.

After ratting came dog fighting and pitbull, the ultimate canine gladiator, was the breed of choice that was used for this new blood sport. At this point the pitbull breeders continued their selective breeding which they began with the bull dog and bred the pitbull into the ultimate game dog (a breed that will fight to the last drop of its blood). Dog fighting involves two dogs (usually pit bulls) fighting in front of spectators with bets placed on them.

The pit bull come in different coat colors such as blue, red, black, chocolate, brown and moo moo. The personality and/or behavior of the pitbull is not influenced by the coat color. It does not matter if it is blue nosed pitbull, red nosed or chocolate it has no bearing on the dog’s personality and/or behavior. A pitbull is a pitbull regardless of the coat color.

Fact 1: The blue nose pitbull is not a different or special pitbull breed

As earlier stated, the blue nose pitbull is not a different breed of pitbull or a different pitbull bloodline. The only difference is that it has a pair of recessive genes that is responsible for producing the blue nose and the blue coat color. It is very important to note that a blue nose pitbull does not mean that it must have blue nose.

Fact 2: Potential health problems

Because the blue nose trait is a recessive trait, breeders who are bent on breeding pups with this trait usually resort to inbreeding in order to increase the odds of breeding pups with blue nose. While inbreeding is an effective breeding method of producing high pedigree purebreds it does have its downside which is primarily health related.

This practice results in the narrowing of the gene pool which increases the chances that the parents of the pup will pass down their health problems and other undesirable trait along with the blue nose traits.

Skin disease such as mange and alopecia are the most prominent health problem associated with the blue pitbull. This perhaps explains why some pitbull breeders on their website state that they do not provide guarantee for blue pitbulls because they are vulnerable to viral, bacterial and fungal infections.

Also dogs with recessive coloration are known to be vulnerable to immune disorders and nervous conditions as a result of the close interaction between the cells that are responsible for pigmentation and the immune and neurological systems.

This does not mean it is a bad idea to acquire a blue nose pitbull as these health problems are mere possibilities due to the blue trait but not a certainty. Also all breeds do have potential health problems and the blue nose pitbull fare extremely well when juxtaposed with other breeds such as the German shepherd and Rottweiler.

Pictures of blue nose pitbull

A powerful fully grown adult male pitbull with the visible blue nose and cropped ears is the ideal blue nose pitbull

blue nose pitbull puppy with partly bulldog look

america pitbull terrier puppy with blue skin and blue nose

typical american blue nose pitbull with grey color nose

Chihuahua Poodle Mix information,Images and Video

Chihuahua poodle mix is not a purebred dog and like most designer dogs, it is generally referred to by the portmanteau name of Chipoo. Other less popular names of the Chihuahua poodle mix are Choodle and Wapoo.

There is a difference between purebred dogs and designer dogs like the Chipoo. Purebreds are dogs that have been bred over a long period of time to the point where a particular breed’s makeup is well known and predictable. For instance, a Chihuahua and a poodle are both purebred and therefore you know how big the pups will grow to be, the looks, the sort of care and training, the temperament, whether it’s good for herding, guarding, sporting, hunting.

On the other hand designer dogs like the Chipoo are relatively new and you cannot be certain how a particular pup will turn out even pups from the same litter. Their general makeup is determined by their parent breeds and it is difficult to tell which of the parent breed will be dominant and in which aspect of a particular pup’s life.

While most designer dogs of the same cross breed will generally look alike and share a lot of in common this is not guarantee and a particular pup may turn out differently. To get a good handle on a particular cross breed like a Chipoo, one must have a decent knowledge of the parent breeds.

So the care and handling for any of the parent breeds will equally work for the designer dog. Simply by identifying the dominant parent breed in a particular area of the cross breed’s life e.g. feeding, training, grooming etc. and then applying the solution for the parent breed to the designer dog like a Chipoo.

What this also means is that before the acquisition of a designer dog one should first check out the parent breeds in the cross and advisably should only proceed if one is thoroughly satisfied with the parent breeds. This is because you could end up with any combination of the characteristics and/or temperament of the parent breeds.

The Chihuahua poodle mix is usually bred using short coated Chihuahua as the male parent (sire) and the toy or miniature poodle (dam) as the female parent. Chihuahua comes in either short or long coat but the short coat is the most popular while the poodle comes in three different sizes: the toy (the smallest), the miniature (bigger than the toy) and the standard poodle which was actually bred down to the miniature and the toy poodle. Three different sizes yet one breed.

It is better to use the poodle as the female parent because it’s easier for her to carry the pregnancy and also with a better chance of safe delivery because of its bigger size compared with the Chihuahua which is the smallest dog breed in the world.

The Chihuahua poodle mix usually have either the erect ears of the Chihuahua or the fallen long ears of the poodle. One of the main reason for the craze in the world for designer dogs is because lots of people believe that cross breeds are healthier than purebred, while this is largely true it is not 100% true.

In the case of cross breeding that involves the poodle, one great additional reason for cross breeding is to produce dogs that are low “shedders” and hypoallergenic (i.e. the non shedding nature of poodle or a cross of it does not cause allergic reaction and therefore one of the best dog breed for allergic people).

In terms of the physical appearance, the Chipoo usually have the curly coat of the poodle and the body size of the Chihuahua. But as earlier stated there are no guarantees regarding which traits of the parent breed will show up more in the cross so a Chipoo pup can be completely different from most other pups of the same cross.

The table below juxtaposes the general breed info of parent breeds with the known breed info of the Chipoo.

Golden Retriever Husky Mix Information,Images and Video

The golden retriever husky mix is obviously not a purebred dog and like most hybrid or designer dogs it is generally referred to by the portmanteau name of Goberian. It is a cross of the golden retriever and the Siberian husky.

To have a better understanding of designer dogs, it is essential that you have some basic knowledge of purebred dogs and also what you get when two or more purebred dogs are crossed to produce the hybrid or designer dog like the goberian.

A purebred dog is one that has been bred over a long period of time to the point where the offspring of these dogs are predictable in terms of look, character, temperament, size etc. and these known facts may even be documented thereby providing guidelines (or standard) which breeders must adhere to for that particular breed. This means that a dog that does not meet the standard for that particular breed should not be bred.

Purebred dogs come with a boatload of advantages such as knowing exactly what the breed is capable of doing, may be its good for herding, hunting, sporting, a companion dog, guarding etc. And beyond that you will also know the sort of care, training, exercise, health and much more that is right for that breed. In essence you know what you are acquiring and it is easy to get the required knowledge to care for it.

Designer dogs have seen an explosion in interest from dog lovers over the past many years and this is partly because of their exotic look and also because people believe that they are genetically healthier than purebred dogs.

Before we take a closer look at designer dogs it is helpful to state the difference between a designer dog and a mutt. Mutts are cross breed dogs with unknown pedigree and are usually the result of an accident i.e. two different breeds mate to produce a mutt whereas a designer dog is a conscious effort that involves two or more purebred dogs i.e. dogs with known ancestry.

In simply words, a mutt is a cross breed with unknown parent breeds which may make it more challenging to truly care for a mutt since the knowledge of the parent breeds makes it easier to understand cross breed.

So the big question is: are designer dogs healthier? Designer dogs can still have the same genetic health problems of any of its breed parents; however the percentage of designer dogs with genetic health disorder is far lower than purebred dogs because the gene pool has become widened. The widened gene pool increases the probability that a recessive gene will only be inherited from a single parent breed and therefore will not manifest in the puppy.

When two purebred dogs are crossed their offspring is the first generation and in order for the first generation pup to inherit the health problem that is caused by a recessive gene, the pup must inherit the recessive gene from both parent breeds.

Since recessive genes will only manifest when it occurs in pairs i.e both parent breeds have the recessive gene which they passed down to the pup but a dominant gene will always manifest either singly or in pair. So even if the first generation pup is a carrier (has only one recessive gene) it will not suffer from the health problem.

However designer dogs are not immune from genetic health disorder in subsequent generation of that hybrid e.g. if two goberian dogs that are carrier of the recessive diseased gene mate then the genetic health problems of the original breed may show up or if a dominant gene is responsible for the disease. Therefore in terms of health issues, the first generation designer dog may be the best option.

When two or more different purebred dogs are crossed to produce a hybrid, you will end up with any combination of any of the characteristics and/or temperament of the parent breeds. You do not have the luxury of knowing for certain what you will get in terms of the temperament, character, size etc. The best way to care for your designer dog goes beyond have an understanding of the hybrid itself but you must have at least basic knowledge of the parent breeds.

If you are satisfy with the general makeup of the parent breeds then the hybrid will be perfect for you and also keep in mind that you may not get only the good characteristics of both parents in the cross.

In order to have a thorough understanding of the golden retriever husky mix, this article will take a detailed look at that  breed in the context of its parent breeds: the golden retriever and the Siberian husky.

Besides being primarily referred to as Goberian, the golden retriever husky mix is sometimes referred to as the Golden retriever husky or Golden husky. Like other cross breeds, the golden retriever husky mix is not recognized by the American kennel club.

The golden retriever husky mix will usually have the blue eyes of the Siberian husky and the golden coat of the golden retriever along with floppy ears and narrow muzzle. But as earlier stated there is no guarantee that every golden retriever husky mix will have this look.

The table that follow shows the generally breed info of the parent breeds along with some known breed info of the goberian. By knowing the breed info of the parent breeds you will have a better understanding of how the golden retriever husky mix may turn out. It is either a mix of both parent or one parent is dominant in a particular area like the blue eyes of the Siberian husky or the golden coat of the retriever.

golden retriever is one of the parent breeds of the goberian
Golden retriever is one of the parent breeds of the goberian.
siberian husky is one of the parent breeds of the golden retriever husky mix
Siberian husky with the legendary blue eyes is the other parent breed of the goberian.

Breed info of the parent breeds (Golden retriever and the Siberian husky) and the Goberian

 Golden retrieverSiberian huskyGolden retriever husky mix - Goberian
American kennel club ranking (popularity)3rd most popular
13th most popular

Not recognized by AKC
Family/group

Sporting, gundog, retriever

Working

Will fit into the sporting and/or working group
Intelligence

Ranked No 4 of the world’s brightest dogs

Ranked NO 45Not yet in the ranking but goberian is an intelligent cross breed just like the parent breed

Kid friendly

Excellent

Above averageGood with kids
Stranger friendly

Very good

ExcellentVery good
Dog friendly

Very good

Very good

Very good

Temperament

Friendly, gentle, intelligent, devoted and loyal

Independent, intelligent, affectionate, good natured, gentle, friendly, alert, dignified and not aggressive.Loyal, affectionate and friendly, active, affectionate and are generally friendly with everyone.

Size

Large

MediumMedium
Average size stats

Male- Height: 23-24 inches, Weight: 65-75 pounds
Female- Height: 21.5-22.5 inches, Weight: 55-65 pounds

Male- Height: 21-23.5 inches, Weight: 45-60 pounds
Female- Height: 20-22 inches, Weight: 35-50 pounds

Males- Height: 21-24 inches, Weight: 45-90 pounds
Females- Height: 20-22 inches, Weight: 35-80 pounds

Pictures of golden retriever husky mix with the golden retriever coat

golden retriever husky mix with the golden retriever coat and husky eyes

A goberian with the golden retriever coat.

golden retriever husky mix with the long coat of the golden retriever and the facial looks of the husky

golden retriever husky mix that look more like a golden retriever than an husky

German shepherd vs Rottweiler: One Breed Wins

The German shepherd and the Rottweiler are two of the most popular dog breeds in the world and both breeds have a great reputation in the dog world. In this article we place these two wonderful but fierce some breeds side by side – It’s the German shepherd vs the Rottweiler.

Brief history of the German shepherd

Three german shepherd puppies
Cute German shepherd puppies.
adult german shepherd dog
A fully grown, good looking adult German shepherd dog.

The German shepherd is a large sized working dog that was bred primarily for herding and guarding the flocks. Even though this breed has an outward appearance that looks like that of the wolf it is not any closer to the wolf than any other breed. The German shepherd also known as Alsatian has its origin in Germany.

The German shepherd was bred to excel in intelligence, courage, strength and athleticism. These qualities were essential for the ideal shepherd dog but over the years this breed has proved its worth as an excellent working dog. A versatile breed that has excelled as a police dog, guide dog, guard dog, war dog, explosive and/or narcotics sniffing dog, a show dog and as a pet.

Brief history of the Rottweiler

Two rottweiler puppies
Rottweiler puppies.
elegant looking rottweiler with a glossy black coat
An elegant looking rottweiler with a glossy black coat.

The Rottweiler also referred to as Rottie is a medium to large sized dog breed. Like the German shepherd, the Rottweiler has its origin in Germany and it is believed to have descended from the Roman drover dogs. The drover dogs were primarily responsible for guarding and driving herds as they accompany the Roman troops. Over time, these dogs became prominent cattle drovers around a town that became known as Rottweil.

Until dog carting was outlawed in Germany, the Rottweiler was employed to pull carts loaded with butchered meat to the market and for this reason they were also known as the Rottweil butchers dogs.

However in recent times the Rottweiler is now used as police dogs, guide dogs, guard dogs, search and rescue dogs.

German shepherd vs rottweiler
German shepherd with rottweiler.

General breed info of the German shepherd vs Rottweiler

 German shepherdRottweilerWho Won
American kennel club ranking- most popular2nd10th

German shepherd wins the popularity contest.
Familyherding, workingherding, workingBoth are winners: evenly matched.
Original functionSheep herding, guardingCattle drovers, guarding, cartingBoth are winners: they fully lived up to their responsibility.
Present functionPolice, guide, guarding, contraband detection, petPolice, guide, guardingAlmost evenly matched but the German shepherd has richer history in this business.
Energy levelMediumMediumBoth are winner.
Level of exercise neededHighMediumRottweiler wins in the game of exercise. Less exercise to achieve the same result is the winner.
Level of playfulnessmoderateModerateBoth are winners.
As a watch dogExcellentExcellentBoth are winners.
ProtectivenessVery highVery highBoth are winners.
Easy to trainVery easyAbove averageGerman shepherd wins.
Kid friendlyExcellentBelow averageGerman shepherd wins.
Dog friendlyBelow averagePoorGerman shepherd wins even though both are poor.
Stranger friendlyAloof- 2 out of 5Poor- 1 out of 5German shepherd wins even though both are poor.
Ability to adaptExcellentAbove averageGerman shepherd wins.
IntelligenceRanked No.3Ranked No.9German shepherd wins.
Good looks5 out of 53 out of 5German shepherd wins.
A cute looking rottweiler.
A cute looking rottweiler.
Cute German shepherd dog.
Cute German shepherd dog.

German shepherd vs Rottweiler coat related info

 German shepherdRottweilerWho Won
Coat typeDouble coated consisting of an under coat and a dense outer coat with straight hairDouble coated consisting of a coarse, dense short outer coat that extends to the neck and thigh with a thick under coatWith a double coat both are winners.
Coat colors and patternsBlack & tan, black & red, black & cream, black & silver, solid blacks, solid white, sable, blue (rare) and liver(rare)Popularly in black & rust , black & tan, black & mahogany, black & dark rust and sometimes in red & tan, blue& tan or blackEven though both breed come in a variety of coat colors, the German shepherd’s range of coat colors are more appealing therefore the German shepherd is the winner of the coat contest.
SheddingHeavy sheddingModerate sheddingRottweiler is not only the winner in the shedding contest but the German shepherd is a big loser.
GroomingRegular groomingLowRottweiler wins
Average sizeMale- Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 75-95 pounds
Female- Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 75-95 pounds
Male- Height: 24-27 inches, Weight: 85-135 pounds
Female- Height: 22-25 inches, Weight: 80-100 pounds
Evenly matched though the Rottweiler is a little bigger.
German shepherd showing aggression
A well trained German shepherd dog will be less aggressive.
rottweiler showing aggression
An untrained rottweiler can be very dangerous.

German shepherd vs Rottweiler health and temperament related info

 German shepherdRottweilerWho Won
TemperamentAlert
Fearless
Direct
Not hostile
Keen
Courageous
Obedient
Eager to learn
Brave
Extremely faithful and loyal
Intelligent
Confident
Calm
Courageous
Never shy
Intelligent
Trainable
Loyal
Protective
Brave
German shepherd has the edge with an overall better temperament.
Health issuesHip Dysplasia: hereditary condition in which the thighbone does not fit well into the hip joint.

Elbow Dysplasia: hereditary condition caused by the different growth rate of the dog’s elbow resulting in elbow joint laxity.

Gastric Dilatation-volvulus (GDV): a potentially fatal condition in which the dog’s stomach is distended with gas causing it to twist.

Degenerative Myelopathy: this is a spinal cord disease that makes it difficult for the dog to move its hind legs and may ultimately progress to the point where the dog cannot walk at all.

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency: a genetic disease that makes it difficult for the dog to digest and absorb food.

Allergies: German shepherd may suffer from allergies that may result in excessive scratching.
Hip Dysplasia: hereditary condition in which the thighbone does not fit well into the hip joint.

Elbow Dysplasia: hereditary condition that results in a malformed elbow joint

Aortic Stenosis: a common hereditary heart defect that results in an abnormal narrowing of the aorta which makes the heart work harder in order to supply blood to the body. May cause fainting or even sudden death.

Osteosarcoma: malignant bone tumor.

Gastric Dilatation-volvulus (GDV): a potentially fatal condition in which the dog’s stomach is distended with gas causing it to twist.

Panosteitis: a painful condition that is common in young age (puppies) and usually results in limping and lameness.

Hypothyroidism: is caused by the deficiency of the thyroid hormone which may results in loss of hair, obesity and infertility.

Skin disease such as allergies -causes itchy skin, bacteria skin infection, non-tumors growths, demodectic mange and occasionally vitiligo.

Prone to obesity
Both have a rather long list of health issues and seriously, it is difficult to choose between the two breeds. Reluctantly my pick as the winner is the German shepherd in this difficult health contest.
Tendency to droolmoderatelyHighGerman shepherd wins.
Life span10-12 years8-11 yearsGerman shepherd wins.
FeedingThese high energy dogs require a power packed diet that is rich in protein in order to meet their dietary needs. Feeding pure protein is better than poor quality commercial dog foodSame feeding requirement for the GSD holds for the Rottweiler. It should be feed on high quality food that is rich in meat (good source of protein) and avoid food containing byproductsNo contest
Litter size4 to 9 puppies8 to 12 puppiesRottweiler wins.
german shepherd with a bite force of 238 pounds
The German shepherd has a bite force of 238 pounds.
rottweiler with a bite force of 328 pounds
Rottweiler has a bite force of 328 pounds.

 

200 x 273

German shepherd vs Rottweiler bite force and speed related info

 German shepherdRottweilerWho Won
Bite force238 pounds328 poundsThe Rottweiler is the clear winner.
Fatality biteRanked no 18Ranked no 3German shepherd is the winner; it kills fewer people than the Rottweiler.
SpeedAround 30mphAround 25mphGerman shepherd wins the contest of speed.
If bored, not socialized and obedience trained from puppyVery destructive when bored and very suspicious of people when it is not properly socialized which may lead to unnecessary aggression.Very difficult to handle, unreliable and aggressiveGerman shepherd wins; even though both breeds can be dangerous if not well trained and socialized but you’d better keep a greater distance from an untrained Rottweiler while also keeping your distance from the untrained German shepherd.
Suitable for indoor or outdoor lifestyle?Indoor +outdoor :yes
Indoor only : no
Outdoor only: yes
Indoor +outdoor :yes
Indoor only : no
Outdoor only: yes
Both are winners.
German shepherd speed of about 30mph
The German shepherd has a speed of about 30mph
rottweiler speed of about 25mph
Rottweiler has a speed of about 25mph.

Apple Head Chihuahua Care, Facts and Pictures

Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world and they are usually referenced by their physical appearance such as apple head Chihuahua, deer head Chihuahua and teacup Chihuahua.

The Chihuahua dog breed has its origin in Mexico and was so named after the city of Chihuahua in Mexico. They come in different sizes, coat length, head shape and colors.

apple head chihuahua with long coat
Apple head chihuahua with long hair
apple head chihuahua with fluffy tail
White apple head chihuahua

 The American kennel club (AKC) official standard of the Chihuahua breed states that:

The general appearance of the Chihuahua is swift, alert and graceful and with a temperament similar to that of the terrier.

A well balanced Chihuahua is not more than 6 pounds. Over 6 pounds means it is disqualified as a little dog.

A well rounded “apple dome” skull, with or without molera with a non-protruding full round eyes that is either luminous ruby or luminous dark.

apple dome head chihuahua
Apple dome head

The depression at the top of the Chihuahua’s skull is called a molera. The molera at the top part of the skull along with the wider upper part but narrower around the jaw gives the Chihuahua an apple dome skull.

It may take a bit longer for the apple shape to become noticeable in a puppy Chihuahua.

According to the AKC the bite is: “level or scissors. Overshot or undershot, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be penalized as a serious fault.”

The Chihuahua has large ears that stand erect when alert and flares sideways when in repose with a slightly pointed, short snout.

short haired apple head chihuahua with erect ears
A well fed short haired apple head chihuahua with large erect ears.
deer head chihuahua with large erect ears
A deer head chihuahua with large erect ears.

The Chihuahua breed comes in the smooth and long coat varieties. The smooth coat should be glossy, close and of soft texture with heavier coats acceptable as long as they come with undercoats. Long coat must also be of a soft texture, that is either mildly wavy or flat and preferably with undercoat.

long and short haired chihuahua with apple head
Long and short haired chihuahuas with apple shaped head.

They can come in any color – splashed, solid or marked with a terrier like temperament of self reliance, self importance and confidence.

A Chihuahua that has any of the following physical appearance is disqualified by the AKC because it is considered to have fallen short of the standard of the Chihuahua breed:

  • Weighs more than 6 pounds.
  • Cropped or broken down ears.
  • Bobtail or docked tail.
  • If the long coat is too thin that it resembles bareness.
overweight chihuahua
Weighing more than 6 pounds is a disqualifying factor for a chihuahua.

 Apple head Chihuahua facts

The apple head is an informal way of referring to the Chihuahua that has the round “apple dome” skull as defined by the AKC Chihuahua breed standard. So we could say that it is only the apple head Chihuahua that is officially accepted as a Chihuahua based on the standard for the shape of the head.

Of course there are other criteria that have to be met as stated above.

The Chihuahua breed comes in either the smooth (short haired) or long hair and either of them can be an apple head.

The upper part of the head of the apple headed Chihuahua is wider than the lower part of the head.

The apple head Chihuahua with it’s distinctively apple shaped head makes the apple headed Chihuahua’s eyes appear more pronounced.

Lots of breeders prefer to breed the apple head Chihuahua because it is only the apple head that meet the kennel club breed standard. This means only the apple head can take part in conformation dog shows.

If you want a Chihuahua of show quality, the apple head is the only choice you have either long or short haired.

The apple head Chihuahua can comes in different colors.

Apple head Chihuahua vs. deer head

The Chihuahua is easily identified by the shape of the head which is either apple shaped or a deer head (because it looks like that of a deer). The apple or deer head shape does not imply two breed but rather just one breed with different shapes of the head. Therefore the apple and deer references are an unofficial or layman’s way of referring to the Chihuahua breed based on the shape of the head.

apple head chihuahua
Apple head chihuahua

The Chihuahua has one of largest variations of all dog breeds in terms of their sizes, shapes, coat length and colors.

They come in a broad range of colors such as black, sable, fawn, rare whites and blues, chocolate, brindle, tri-colored etc.

Some Chihuahuas have long bodies and long slim legs which makes them taller than those with compact bodies and shorter legs.

The breed standard expects the Chihuahua’s body length to be longer than the legs but the deer head Chihuahua has slightly longer legs than the body length.

Deer head Chihuahua can get as big as 10 to 12 pounds but the breed standard states that when the size is over 6 pounds, the Chihuahua stands disqualified.

The snout of the apple head Chihuahuas are shorter with a pronounced jaw line than those of the deer head, which are narrower and longer. However there are some apple head Chihuahua that have long snout like those of a deer head.

The deep “stop” (the 90 degrees that can be seen between the forehead and the snout) of the apple head Chihuahua makes its eyes appear more pronounced than those of the deer head Chihuahua which has a sloping forehead.