The last two decades has seen a steady rise in the number of dog owners who has shown a willingness to learn how to make homemade dog food partly because dog owners can decide on the quality of the food their dog feeds on and with the added advantage that healthy homemade dog food are generally cheaper than commercial dog food.
Homemade dog food generally falls into 2 categories:
Raw food diet in which you primarily feed your dog on uncooked raw food.
Raw food diet option
Our dogs are domesticated wild animals with a diet that has evolved
over centuries to accommodate a wider spectrum of food choices than it used to be in the wild. And just like human beings, the best diet for a dog is its native one: wholly meat based.
Basically raw food diet for dogs consist of uncooked meat which may include venison, buffalo, beef, turkey, chicken, fish, ostrich and rabbit.
60% – 80% of the dog’s raw diet should be raw meat, roughly broken down to 35% muscle meat, 20% organs and 20% fat and skin. You may also feed with fresh bones but avoid preserved bones or bones that are not from freshly killed animals.
Chicken bones are alright to feed your dog but do not feed with cooked bones because cooked bones splinter easily while uncooked bones are easy to eat and digest.
In addition with the raw meats, your dog’s diet should consist of about 20% -40% vegetables. Appropriate vegetables to include are: squash, carrots, celery and asparagus.
There is no questioning the fact that homemade dog food is clearly the best option for any dog owner who wants to be certain about the quality of ingredients that go into the diet of his dog with the additional benefit of a lower cost, for this reason it is very important to know the proper recipes for homemade dog food.
You do not need to be an expert in nutrition to be able to come up the proper recipe to prepare homemade dog food that is balanced and highly nutritious. What you however need is a guideline that will enable you to feed your dog on homemade food either cooked or raw like a nutrition expert.
A vital fact to keep in mind is that you should not obsess about ensuring that every single homemade dog food must be nutritionally complete but as long as she gets all the nutrition she needs over the course of a week or two, she will be OK.
In order words, your dog’s diet (not every meal) must be complete and balanced i.e. it supplies all of the dog’s nutritional requirements.
These guidelines will help you feed your dog on cooked or raw homemade dog food.
Meat and other animal products: this should be at least half of the diet. Unless you dog exercises regularly then you will want to avoid meat that is high on fat which could lead to obesity. If however you decide to fed your dog with fatty meat and limit the quantity served so as to control your dog’s weight, this may lead to deficiency in other required nutrients.
So your best option is to feed her on lean meat with a very low percentage of fat or poultry with the skin taken off. Dark meat poultry is preferred to breast except your dog will benefit from a very low fat diet.
Boneless meat: this includes both red meat and poultry.
Fish: source of vitamin D. canned fish such as pink salmon, sardines, jack mackerel make good choices. Make sure you take the bones out of fish that you cook. You may feed your dog with large quantities of fish once or twice a week or small daily quantities. It should be an ounce of fish for every pound of meat.
Eggs: a nutritious inclusion to any diet. Dogs of not less than 20 pounds will be OK on a whole egg per day.
Organs: liver should be about 5% of organs feed your dog but you should also include chicken and other liver type. Small daily quantity is better large quantities feed less often.
Fruits and vegetables: supplies fiber which is important for digestive health and also provides antioxidants and other nutrients that promote good health and longevity. Deeply colored fruits and vegetables are very nutritious.
Non starchy vegetables: low in calories and can easily be fed in varying quantities. Too much though can cause gas. They must be pureed by blender, food processor for it to be properly digestible by your dog.